Salam (Syzygium polyanthum)

Common Name
Bay leaves
It is a medium-sized tree up to 30 m tall. The bole is up to 60 cm in diameter. Syzygium polyanthum is found in lowland primary and secondary forests, up to 1,300 m of altitude

Leaf and bark extracts are used medicinally against diarrhoea. Pounded leaves, bark and roots are applied as poultices against itches. The bark is used for tanning fishing-nets and for dyeing bamboo matting brown-red (for further blackening the matting is subsequently immersed in mud).

The timber of S. polyanthum belongs to the trade group “kelat”, which is a medium-weight to heavy hardwood. The wood is pale brown to pinkish-brown with a purplish tinge; the density is 540-790 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. It is used for house building and furniture

Leaves – The aromatic leaves of salam, either fresh or dried, are used as a spice in many South-East Asian meat, fish, rice, and vegetable dishes. Its use is comparable to that of laurel leaves (bay-leaves) in European cuisine.

Photo by Erol Ahmed on Unsplash

Ricky Santoso 22-Jun-21

Renewing the environment and empowering the local communities through the forestry and education

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