Pines are native to most of the Northern Hemisphere, and have been introduced throughout most temperate and subtropical regions of the world. In Indonesia the most common native pine species is the Pinus Merkusii, or Sumatran Pine.It lives throughout the archipelago.
is a pine native to the Malesia region of southeast Asia, mainly in Indonesia in the mountains of northern Sumatra, and with two outlying populations in central Sumatra on Mount Kerinci and Mount Talang, and in the Philippines on Mindoro and in the Zambales Mountains on western Luzon.
This tree species is listed as vulnerable on theIUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Pinus merkusii is a medium-sized to large tree, reaching 25–45 metres (82–148 ft) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 1 metre (3.3 ft). The bark is orange-red, thick and deeply fissured at the base of the trunk, and thin and flaky in the upper crown. The leaves (“needles”) are in pairs, very slender, 15–20 cm long and less than 1 mm thick, green to yellowish green.
The cones are narrow conic, 5–8 cm long and 2 cm broad at the base when closed, green at first, ripening glossy red-brown. They open to 4–5 cm broad at maturity to release the seeds. The seeds are 5–6 mm long, with a 15–20 mm wing, and are wind-dispersed.